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Further Information

Papers

The Scottish Strategy to tackle child poverty

he Scottish Strategy sets out the vision, principles, approaches and measures through which Scotland intends to tackle child poverty. Of particular note is the discussion in the approach section of how Scotland intends to achieve this, that is, according a key role to communities and place (pp. 42-45) and by driving change through working with local partners (pp. 45-51).

Towards a 'Scottish Strategy' to tackle child poverty - Discussion PaperEvidence Report  and Analysis of Consultation Responses

January 2011 statement from the Tackling Poverty Board of the Scottish Government

A short five page statement from the Board that details the latest thinking and work of the Scottish Government. It describes seven principles that underpin the Board's work, makes ten recommendations for action and identified five areas for further work.

Achieving Our Potential

The Scottish Government's most comprehensive description of the approach currently taken in Scotland to tackle poverty. Although significant changes have taken place since it was published in 2008 (notably the global economic recession and the passing of The Child Poverty Act), it retains its significance as a statement on how Scotland's tackles poverty.

Getting it Right for Every Child

Girfec is the wider programme that aims to improve outcomes for children and young people. It is built around ten core components, the first of which is a focus on improving outcomes for children, young people and the families based on a shared understanding of well-being. A range of guides were published in 2010 (for practitioners, strategic managers and operational managers), in addition to practice briefings 

 

Websites

C4EO - Centre for Excellence and Outcomes in Children and Young People's Services

C4EO aim to drive forward positive change in the delivery of children's services. Child poverty is one of their cross-cutting themes and the website is a valuable source of current information and support on local initiatives to tackle child poverty in England. In addition to local practice examples, the site includes guidance on preparing a child poverty needs assessment.

Children's Workforce Development Council

The Children's Workforce Development Council (CWDC) supports 2.6 million people who work with children, young people and their families, in sectors including early years, childcare, work with young people, education welfare, social work and social care. They leads change and support workforce reform, improving chances for children and young people throughout the country. They provide practical tools and resources to join up the way different agencies work, and bring consistency to the way children and young people are listened to and looked after.

End Child Poverty

UK based campaign to end child poverty, comprising 150 organisations, which are working together to ensure that the UK Government keeps its promise to eradicate child poverty in the UK by 2020. The focus of the campaign is to inform the public, provide professional advice and to promote social dialogue. The resource section provides useful advice on how to gain public support for action to tackle child poverty and the 4in10 London project provides information on a 'local' project to tackle child poverty in the City of London. The 4in10 project also includes a good practice database, although this currently provides limited information on a small number of self-appraised examples of good practice

Child Poverty Work Area, Joseph Rowntree Foundation

The Joseph Rowntree Foundation is a charitable organisation, financed by endowment, that funds a UK-wide research and development programme that seeks to "understand the root causes of social problems, to identify ways of overcoming them and to show how social needs can be met in practice". Among its work is a dedicated child poverty programme; this programme has a Policy and Research Manager and has published ten reports on child poverty in the UK since 2006. JRF also fund the www.poverty.org information site and the series of annual and bi-annual reports on poverty and social exclusion in Scotland.

Child Poverty Toolkit, Inclusion and the Child Poverty Action Group

The toolkit has been designed to assist Local Authorities to develop strategies to tackle child poverty. The site hosts an array of resources to assist local areas including policy briefs, data tools (enabling users to download a bespoke presentation on child poverty in their local area), guides to developing an effective local child poverty strategy and a good practice library of self-evaluated initiatives (although there are only five initiatives currently listed at present). The site is not updated on a regular basis.

Child Poverty Needs Assessment Toolkit (IDeA) 

This toolkit has also been designed to assist Local Authorities to develop strategies to tackle child poverty. It offers clear guidance and provides free downloads on key elements in undertaking a child poverty needs assessment. It is structured into 12 sections covering the following themes: poverty in Britain; Why do a child poverty needs assessment?; Growing up in poverty; Child poverty requires everyone to be involved; Doing the child poverty needs assessment; Agree purpose and priorities; Establish roles and responsibilities; Gathering the information; Analyse for insights and key messages; Communicating key messages; Collaboration with children, young people and carers; and Measuring success.

 

Reading

D Hirsch (2008) Estimating the Cost of Child Poverty in Scotland - Approaches and Evidence. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.

Thirty page report which uses a case study analysis of Fife to estimate to cost to Scotland of children living in poverty. Hirsch estimates that the extra costs of services associated with child poverty costs Scotland between 0.5 and 0.75 billion pounds, to which could be added a significant share of the 1 billion pounds that are required to meet the costs of young people in the MCMC group. Preventative spend would be estimated to cost Scotland 1 billion in the first instance.

Campaign to End Child Poverty in Scotland (2010) Single Outcome Agreements 2009: An analysis by members of the Campaign to End Child Poverty in Scotland. Edinburgh.

A short (thirteen) page report that presents the findings from a systematic review of the 32 Single Outcome Agreements that were published to describe how Local Authorities and Community Planning Partnerships reported their plans to tackle child poverty in their area. It describes the overall coverage of poverty, the overall coverage of child poverty and a focused review of the three broad policy areas that were used to structure Achieving Our Potential.

S Sinclair and JH McKendrick (2009) Child Poverty in Scotland. Taking the next steps. JRF Viewpoint Paper. York: JRF.

A twenty page report that describes the UK and Scottish policy contexts. There is a review of previous and current Scottish Government policy to tackle child poverty, a description of the challenges that must be overcome and a specification of ten policy recommendations for tackling child poverty in Scotland

D Killeen (2008) Is Poverty a Denial of People's Human Rights. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

An eight page report in which Damien Killeen argues that the 'failure' to tackle poverty is an affront to human rights that it inconsistent with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Introduces the idea that povertyism is a problem, i.e. the discriminatory treatment of people experiencing poverty on account of their poverty.

Hugh Frazer and Eric Marlier (2007) Tackling Child Poverty and Promoting the Social Inclusion of Children in the EU. Key Lessons. Synthesis Report. Brussels: European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.

83 page report which synthesises 27 individual country reports from the network of independent social inclusion experts to produce an EU summary. These reports arose from the designation of child poverty and the social inclusion and well-being of children as the focus in 2007 for the social inclusion strand of the Social Protection and Social Inclusion Process. This summary report comprises four substantive sections; extent and nature of child poverty and well-being; overall policy approaches; specific policy areas; and monitoring and evaluation.

 

What works

Policy-makers and service managers firmly grasp the importance of establishing 'what works' and 'how much poverty has been reduced'. Case studies can be a great way of sharing practice. However, when considering whether you can adopt something similar in your area it may be useful to consider the following questions.

  • How would the project / programme contribute to your priority child poverty outcomes?
  • How adaptable is the project / programme? Does it rely on anything specific to the host area?
  • What impact did the broader conditions or environment have on the success of the project or programme? Are these conditions replicable in your area?
  • How advanced is the project / programme? How does this relate to your current stage in your own area
  • Has the project / programme been evaluated? What is its evidence of success?
  • How sustainable would the project / programme be in the long term?

European Cities Against Child Poverty Network

Two year partnership of five European cities (London, Amsterdam, Budapest, Helsinki and Milan), which concluded in 2009. The project aimed to "address the root causes of child poverty through sharing practical experience". Adopting what is described as a "holistic" approach, the project involved a wide range of social services (including housing, education, health care, employment services and 'integrated services'). Fifty "what works" case studies can be accessed, each of which describes a practical service intervention that is self-evaluated to be working in tackling child poverty. The "what works" case studies can be searched by theme or by location. The final project report can also be downloaded from the website.

Child Poverty Solutions - Wales

The site is the home page for a partnership between is a partnership project between Save the Children, Welsh Local Government Association (WLGA) and the Welsh Assembly Government which aims to support Local Authorities to prioritise and mainstream child poverty. The site is well resourced and includes policy briefings, case studies of good practice (organized in themes which reflect the seven core aims of the initiative), links to external resources and project publications.

C4EO Directory of Validated Practice in Tackling Child Poverty

C4EO have established robust procedures for evaluating local practice to tackle child poverty. At the time of writing, thirteen case studies have been published on their directory with nine of these judged to be validated and a further four described as promising practice.

Child Poverty in the East Midlands: Identifying What Works

The Government Office for the East Midlands (GOEM), East Midlands Regional Assembly (EMRA), and Intelligence East Midlands (IEM) commissioned researchers to identify and present evidence of effective practice and lessons learned in tackling child poverty within the East Midlands commissioned a contractor to review literature and management information and to interview key staff involved in what might be described as 'good practice' examples of tackling child poverty in the Midlands. The resulting publication identifies 'what works' in terms of tackling child poverty in the East Midlands

Organisations

There are a number of national organiations dealing with poverty which are useful to be aware of.

The Poverty Alliance

Child Poverty Action Group in Scotland

One Parent Families Scotland

Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Barnardos Scotland

Save the Children

Citizens Advice Direct

Money Advice Service

National Debtline