Many disabled people say that they are available for work, and
that they want to work. Unfortunately, for many, they face
significant barriers when trying to enter the work force and to
stay in work.
The barriers faced by disabled job seekers will vary from
individual to individual, but some examples are included below:
- Employer attitudes and discrimination: Many
disabled people have experienced some form of stigma, stereotyping
or discrimination. This ranges from very minor incidents to more
serious cases of harassment and bullying.
- Transportation: A lack of accessible or
convenient transport may interfere with a person's ability to be
independent and to function in society.
- Physical: Structural obstacles that
block mobility or access can prevent disabled people from moving in
and around the workplace.
- Lack of or low qualifications: Disabled
people are more than twice as likely as non-disabled people to have
no qualifications. More than one fifth (21.4%) of disabled people
in Scotland were estimated to have no qualifications in 2019
compared to 8.0% of non-disabled people (ONS, Annual Population
Survey). However, even when educated to degree level, disabled
people are less likely to be employed than non-disabled people
without a degree.
- Lack of confidence: Many disabled people
are anxious of how their impairments will be viewed/treated by an
employer or colleagues, and experiences of being marginalised and
excluded often have a negative impact on self-image - making it
harder to promote themselves to potential employers.
- Communication: Communication barriers are
experienced by disabled people who are D/deaf, hearing impaired,
have speaking difficulties, have reading and / or writing
difficulties, or who use different ways to communicate than people
who do not have these impairments.
Disabled people and Employment]