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In work Poverty

In-work poverty is defined as individuals living in households where the household income is below the poverty threshold despite one member of the household working either full or part time. The poverty threshold is defined as under 60% of the average household income (before housing costs). This group contains non-working household members such as children and non-working partners.

Evidence shows that during 2009/10, 7 percent of people in Scotland were in in-work poverty. Relative poverty has reduced over the last ten years from around 20 to 21 percent in 1999/2000 to 17 percent in 2009/10. However, in-work poverty trends have been fairly flat over this period and remained at around 6 to 8 percent of the population.

Living in a household that experiences in work poverty can have an impact on child poverty. According to the Joseph Rowntree Foundation most children living in 'in-work poverty' households belong to families who are only 'partly working' (that is, where the jobs done are part time only, or where one adult is not working at all, or where at least one adult is self-employed). Having access to affordable and convenient child care is an important factor in addressing this issue. As is making sure that jobs are sustainable and allow for progression and development within employment to raise the income levels of the family.