Careers Info, Advice & Guidance
Careers Information, Advice and Guidance (Careers IAG) is a
combination of processes, facilities and opportunities, designed to
enable individuals to prepare for and make effective decisions
about their future in learning and in the labour market. This
encompasses the acquisition, development, articulation and
application of career management, personal and other transferrable
skills. It includes an appreciation of self assessment and personal
review techniques, labour market information (LMI), career goal
setting, decision making and action planning.
The Scottish Government - as set out in
Career Information, Advice and Guidance in Scotland: A Framework
for Service Redesign and Improvement - is committed to all-age,
universal provision of Careers IAG. This is because access to high
quality, impartial Careers IAG - throughout working life - is more
important than ever. Individuals are likely to change jobs more
often and to work in different sectors than in previous
generations. Moreover, individuals will need to acquire and
continually update their knowledge and skills in order to remain in
employment and to progress their careers. High quality Careers IAG
will help people to raise their aspirations and make informed
decisions based on a better understanding of the changing world,
the impact this will have on jobs, and the work and learning
options that are open to them.
Careers IAG in Scotland should consist of the following
- Independent - respects the freedom of
the career choice and personal development of the individual.
- High Quality - should be up-to-date,
accurate and consistent, enabling people to make fully informed,
- Impartial - is in accordance with the
person's interests and is not influenced by provider, institutional
or funding interests.
- Informed - should be based on a
detailed knowledge of the changing labour and learning markets and
emerging opportunities for career development.
- Supportive of Equal Opportunities -
will promote equality, in line with the Single Equality Act
- Confidential - individual's right to
privacy in terms of their personal information and to know with
whom, and to what end, it will be shared will be balanced with the
need to share information in appropriate circumstances.
- Holistic - individual needs and
circumstances will be taken into account, with Career IAG forming
part of a wider package of support where appropriate.
The Scottish Government wants people to develop their career
management skills, to be able to access services independently and
to receive high quality advice and support from professional career
practitioners when needed. In doing so, it is important that more
and better face-to-face support is provided to those who need it
most - including people furthest from the labour market who are
likely to struggle to get, stay and progress in work.
Careers IAG services can be delivered:
Key organisations involved in the delivery of Careers IAG
- Skills Development Scotland.
- Jobcentre Plus.
- Local authorities.
- Third sector organisations.
Employers also have a vital role to play in providing and
delivering Careers IAG. Through meeting and presenting to school
pupils, students and individuals seeking employment, employers can
provide valuable and meaningful insights into their sector, the
skills, training and qualifications needed to enter and progress in
employment, and the world of work more generally. Sector Skills
Councils help to articulate employer needs at the sectoral